Assessment of Knowledge and Willingness to Pay for HPV Vaccine among Women of Known HIV Status in Oyo State
Keywords:Knowledge, willingness to pay, HPV vaccine, women of known HIV status
This research examined the awareness and financial readiness of women with confirmed HIV status in Oyo State regarding the HPV vaccine. The findings revealed that the inclination to invest in HPV vaccines was limited among women with known HIV status in the surveyed region. The study employed the Health Promotion Model as its framework. A descriptive cross-sectional research approach was employed, involving a multi-stage sampling method to choose 397 women who were living with HIV within the study area. Data collection was carried out through the utilization of a pretested self-structured questionnaire. The gathered data was subsequently coded and entered into SPSS version 23.0 for analysis. The analysis encompassed both descriptive and inferential statistical techniques, with significance levels set at p≤0.05.
Mean age of the respondents was 44.18 ± 9.54 years, and 45.1% had secondary education as their highest educational qualifications. Also, 15.9% and 53.4% had good knowledge of HPV and cervical cancer respectively. About 17.1% had good knowledge of HPV vaccine; while 16.1% were willing to pay for HPV vaccine. In addition to this, 58.9% were willing to get their daughters vaccinated. More so, 55.4% acknowledged that they would be willing to pay for their daughter’s vaccine. Hypothetically, educational status was significantly associated with women’s knowledge of HPV (p<0.05). Furthermore, age and marital status were significantly associated with women’s knowledge of cervical cancer (p<0.05).
Based on the findings of the study, it is clear that women's awareness of HPV, cervical cancer, and the HPV vaccine was lacking. Additionally, only a small proportion of women expressed a willingness to cover the cost of the HPV vaccine, and just slightly more than half were open to having their daughters vaccinated. Consequently, there is an imperative to enhance women's understanding and furnish women with confirmed HIV status with comprehensive medical education about HPV, as it plays a crucial role in preventing cervical cancer.
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