Factors Associated with the Knowledge of Health Care Workers on Andropause in Ibadan North East Local Government Area
Keywords:Andropause, Aging Men, Healthcare Workers, Knowledge Gap, Health Education, Misconceptions, Healthcare Interventions
Introduction: Andropause, a condition characterized by declining androgen production in aging men, poses significant health concerns. Despite its impact, misconceptions and lack of awareness prevail, leading to under-diagnosis and mismanagement. Addressing this knowledge gap is crucial, especially with the rising elderly population globally. This study explores the diverse understanding of andropause among healthcare workers in Ibadan North East, Nigeria, focusing on sociodemographic factors influencing their knowledge.
Objective: This study aims to comprehensively understand sociodemographic factors affecting healthcare workers' knowledge of andropause in Ibadan North East. By identifying these factors, targeted educational interventions can be developed to enhance understanding and improve the quality of care for aging men.
Method of Data Analysis: Quantitative data from structured questionnaires were analyzed using statistical methods, including descriptive statistics and inferential analyses. Sociodemographic variables were correlated with knowledge levels, employing chi-square tests and t-tests for comparison. Qualitative data from open-ended questions were thematically analyzed to extract key insights.
Results: The study revealed varied knowledge levels among respondents. Age significantly impacted knowledge, with the 30-49 age group exhibiting superior understanding (χ² = 12.67, p < 0.05). Marital status also played a crucial role, with married individuals displaying higher knowledge (χ² = 18.24, p < 0.01). Professional experience correlated positively with andropause knowledge (χ² = 15.38, p < 0.05), emphasizing the importance of continued education. Discrepancies in preventive measures and symptoms were noted, with 42.9% emphasizing the importance of avoiding excessive sugar intake and 57.1% believing local herbs could address symptoms.
Conclusion: The study reveals a diverse and multifaceted understanding of andropause among healthcare workers. Sociodemographic factors such as age and marital status significantly influence knowledge levels. Addressing these disparities through tailored educational initiatives is imperative to bridge the knowledge gap and promote accurate understanding of andropause.
Recommendation: Tailored educational interventions should be developed, considering the influence of age and marital status, to enhance healthcare workers' understanding of andropause. Open dialogues within communities and healthcare settings should be encouraged to break the stigma associated with andropause, ensuring men receive necessary support and medical guidance.
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