Knowledge and Attitudes towards Epilepsy among Parents in Osogbo Lga Osun State, Nigeria


  • Prince Nnamdi John (MBBS, Msc Public Health and Health Promotion (MPHHP) Swansea University, Abertawe, Wales United Kingdom
  • Olushola-Jimoh, Tolulope Adebanke Public Health Departments, Lead City University Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Abdulrahman Kolawole Yaya Kwara State College of Health Technology, Offa
  • Francis Adeniyi Balogun JP Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria, Faculty of Basic Medical and Health Science, (RCHP) Community Health Department
  • Olasunkanmi Ridwan. A University of Ibadan, Faculty of Public Health
  • Ayinde Abayomi Oluwasegun University of Ibadan (Public Health Epidemiology)



Epilepsy, Knowledge and Attitude


Background Epilepsy is a disease characterized by abnormal brain activities causing seizures or unusual behavior, feelings and sometimes loss of awareness. It has neurological, cognitive, psychological and social after-effects and it affects people of all ages, race, social classes, and geographical location. It constitutes a major portion of the global burden of disease, affecting around 50 million people worldwide. This study therefore aims to explore the knowledge and attitudes towards epilepsy among parents in Osogbo LGA Osun state, Nigeria.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used and 234 participants living in Osogbo Local Government Area were used. The data collected was on knowledge of and attitude towards epilepsy. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 23. Chi square and binary logistic regression were used.

RESULTS:  Most respondents (94%) have heard of epilepsy with their main sources of information from mass media, health worker, relations/friends and internet. 95.3% of respondents had good knowledge of epilepsy, while 59% had positive attitude to epilepsy. Predictors of respondents’ attitude towards people living with epilepsy, respondents with age group of 36-45 years (OR= 0.316, Cl= 0.146 – 0.686, P= 0.004). Also respondents with good knowledge are eight times more likely (8.597) to have poor attitude towards people living with epilepsy.

CONCLUSION: In conclusion, parents living in Osogbo local government area as represented by the study sample have a good level of knowledge on epilepsy and good attitude towards epilepsy in general. There is still a need for continuous community education about epilepsy with the aim of improving the knowledge and attitude of members of the community towards the disease


Download data is not yet available.


Abigail Paul, Davis Adeloye, Rhiannon George-Carey, Ivana Kolcic, Liz Grant & Kit Yee Chan (2012) An estimate of the prevalence of epilepsy in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic analysis. Vol 2 No2. Doi: 10.7189/jogh.02.020405

Ahmed Alaqeel, Abdulrahman J. Sabbagh. (2013). Epilepsy; what do Saudi's living in Riyadh know?, Seizure, Volume 22, Issue 3, Pages 205-209, ISSN 1059-1311, (

Alemayehu Molla, Birhanie Mekuriaw, Endashaw Habtamu and Moges Mareg. (2021). Department of Psychiatry, College of Health and Medical Science, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia. Department of Reproductive health, College of Health and Medical Science, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia. 21:420

Alikor E.A.D & Essien A.A. (2005). Childhood Epilepsy: knowledge and Attitude of Primary School Teachers in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Nigeria Jounal of Medicine, Vol. 14, No. 3

Andualem Henok and Tafesse Lamaro. (2017). Knowledge about and attitude towards epilepsy among Menit Community, Southwest Ethiopia. Vol. 27 No. 1 DOI: 10,4314/ejhs.27i1.7

Anthanasios Covanis, Alla Guekht, Shichuo Li, Mary Secco, Raad Shakir, & Emilio Perucca. (2025). from global campaign to global commitment: The World Health Assembly’s Resolution on epilepsy. Epilepsia/Vol 56, issue 11/ p. 1651-1657

Asdrubal Falavigna, Alisson Roberto Teles, Felipe Roth, Maíra Cristina Velho, Marcelo Ricardo Rosa Roxo. (2007). Epilepsy: awareness, attitudes perceptions in Southern Brazil Arq Neuropsiquiatr; 65(4-B)

Baingana FK & Bos ER. (Accessed 24 April, 2012). Changing patterns of disease and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa: An overview. IN: Disease and mortality in Sub-Sharan Africa. Washington D: The World Bank, 2006. Available at:

Beghi E, Giussani G, Nichols E, Abd-Allah F, Abdela J, Abdelalim A. (2016). Global, regional, and national burden of epilepsy, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet Neurol., 18, 357-3

Bertha C. Ekeh and Udeme E. Ekrikpo. (2015). The Knowledge, Attitude, and Perception towards Epilepsy amongst Medical Students in Uyo, Southern Nigeria. Adv Med. 876135. Doi:10.1155/2015/876135. PMID: 26556558

Bhalla D, Godet B, Druet-Cabanac M, Preux PM. (June 2011)."Etiologies of epilepsy: a comprehensive review". Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics.

Camfield P, Camfield C. (2015). Incidence, prevalence and aetiology of seizures and epilepsy in children. Epileptic Disord. 17:117–23. doi: 10.1684/epd.2015.0736 75.

Cianchetti C, Biancha E, Guerrini R, Baglietto MG, Briguglio M, Cappelletti S et al. (2018). Symptoms of anxiety and depression amd family’s quality of life in children and adolescents with epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav.

E. Magiorkinis, K. Sidiropoulou, and A. Diamantis. (2010). “Hallmarks in the history of epilepsy: epilepsy in antiquity,” Epilepsy and Behavior, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 103–108.

Eyong Komomo Ibor, Ekanem E. Emmanuel, Asindi A, Asindi, Chimaeze Torty, & Brown-Abang E. (2018). The impact of enlightenment on community perception towards children with epilepsy. Vol 6. Issue 3. page 729-733 doi:

Fiest KM, Sauro KM, Wiebe S, Patten SB, Kwon CS, Dykeman J. (2017). Prevalence and incidence of epilepsy: A systematic review and meta-analysis of international studies.Neurology; 88(3):296-303. [DOI:10.1212/WNL.0000000000003509][PMID] [PMCID]

Fisher RS, Acevedo C, Arzimanoglou A, Bogacz A, Cross JH, Elger CE, Engel J, Forsgren L, French JA, Glynn M, Hesdorffer DC, Lee BI, Mathern GW, Moshé SL, Perucca E, Scheffer IE, Tomson T, Watanabe M, Wiebe S (April 2014). "ILAE official report: a practical clinical definition of epilepsy". Epilepsia. 55 (4): 475–82. doi:10.1111/epi.12550. PMID 24730690. S2CID 35958237

Forsgren, L., Beghi, E., Oun, A. & Sillanpää, M. (2005). The epidemiology of epilepsy in Europe–a systematic review. Eur. J. Neurol., 12, 245-253.

Goudsmit, J., Van Der Waals, F. W. & Gajdusek, D. C. (1983). Epilepsy in the Gbawein and Wroughbarh Clan of Grand Bassa County, Liberia: The endemic occurrence of 'See-ee' in the native population. Neuroepidemiology, 2, 24-34.

Haojun Yang, Yunfang Chi, Ziqing Zhu, Kailing Huang, Lan Xiang, Bo Xiao, Weiting Tang & Li Feng. (2021). Attitudes Toward Epilepsy Among Parents Of Children With Epilepsy In Southern China. Front. Neurol. 11:602000. Doi:10.3389/fneur.2020.602000

Helen Mintesnot Dessalegn, Etsegenet Gedlu, Ayalew Moges. (2021). Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Of Parents And Guardians Of Children With Epilepsy At Pediatric Neurology Clinic Of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Med J, Vol. 59, No. 3

Illes J. (2011). Encyclopedia of Mystics, saints & sages: A Guide to Asking for Protection, Wealth, Happiness, and Everything Else. Author Harper Collins ISBN 0062098543, 9780062098542 page 1238

K. Sidiropoulou, A. Diamantis, and E. Magiorkinis. (2010). “Hallmarks in 18th- and 19th-century epilepsy research,” Epilepsy and Behavior, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 151–161. A. Diamantis, K. Sidiropoulou, and E. Magiorkinis, 2010 “Epilepsy during the middle ages, the renaissance and the enlightenment,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 257, no. 5, pp. 691–698.

Kaddumukasa Mark, William Buwembo. Ian G. Munabi, Carol Blixen, Samden Lhatoo, Nelson Sewankambo, Elly Katabira & Martha Sajatovic. (2018). Epilepsy misconceptions and stigma reduction interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa, a systematic review. Vol 85 p 21-27

Keezer M.R, Sisodiya S.M, and Sander J.W. (2016). comorbidities of epilepsy: current concepts and future perspectives lancet Neuro., 15(1) pp.106-115

Kinariwalla N, Sen A. (2016). The psychosocial impact of epilepsy on marriage: a narrative review. Epilepsy Behav. 63:34–41. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2016.07.026

Komolafe, M. A., Sunmonu, T. A., Afolabi, O. T., Komolafe, E. O., Fabusiwa, F. O., Groce, N. (2012). The social and economic impacts of epilepsy on women in Nigeria. Epilepsy Behav. 24, 97-101.

L. Zaini. D. Atteyah, W. Aldisi, H. Abdulkarin, R. Al-helo, H. Al-hilali, M. Jan. (2013). parent’s knowledge and attitudes towards children with epilepsy Pediat Therapeut, vol 3. issue 3. page 2 no 3. doi: 10.4172/2161-0665.1000157

Laino D, Mencaroni E & Esposito S (2018) Management of pediatric febrile seizures. Int J Environ Res Public Health 15.

Lena Damaj, Alexis Lupien-Meilleur, Anne Lortie, Emilie Riou, Luis H Ospina, Louise Gagnon, Catherine Vanasse & Elsa Rossignol. (2015). CACNA1A haploinsufficiency causes cognitive impairment, autism and epileptic encephalopathy with mild cerebellar symptoms. Eur J Hum Genet 23, 1505-1512.

M J Bannon, C Wildig, P W Jones. (October 12, 2022). Teachers' perceptions of epilepsy Arch Dis Child: first published as 10.1136/adc.67.12.1467 on by guest.

M. Shafiq, M. Tanwir, A. Tariq, P.M. Kasi, M. Zafar, A. Saleem, R. Rehman, S.Z. Zaidi, F. Taj, A.A. Khuwaja, K.S. Shaikh, A.K. Khuwaja. (2007).Epilepsy: Public knowledge and attitude in a slum area of Karachi, Pakistan, Seizure, Vol 16, Issue 4, Pages 330-337, ISSN 1059-1311, (

Magiorkinis E, Sidiropoulou K, Diamantis A. (2010). Hallmarks in the history of epilepsy: epilepsy in antiquity. Epilepsy Behav. Jan; 17(1): 103–8.

Maha Abdullah Al.Zubaidi, Njood Mohammad Alsudairy, Bayan Abdu Alzubaidi, RawanNashaat Joharji, Samah Mohammed AlQurashi, KhairyaAbdulrahman Alsadi, Areej Ahmad Abulela1. 1-Ibn Sina National College,2-Umm Alqura University. (October 2017) .The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine Vol. 69 (6), Page 2685-2689

Mahon NE, Yarcheski A. (2017). Parent and friend social support and adolescent hope. Clin Nurs Res. 26:224–40. doi: 10.1177/1054773815619881

Massimo pandolfo. (2011). Genetics of Epilepsy. Seminars in Neurol;31(5):506-518. Doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1299789

Mirnics Z, Czikora G, Zaveez T, & Halasz P. (2001). Changes in public attitude toward epi-lepsy in Hugary: results of survey conducted in 1994 and 2000. Epilepsia ;42(1):86-93.

Moosa Anv. (2019). Antiepileptic drug treatment of epilepsy in children. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 25:381–407. doi: 10.1212/CON.0000000000000712

Nadia Khalil, Selim Benbadis and Derrick Robertson. (2020). Department of Neurology, University of South Florida Health Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, USA; Epilepsy & EEG Division, Department of Neurology, University of South Florida Health Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, USA Eur Neurol;83:341–344 doi: 10.1159/000509496

Oriano Mecarelli a, Giuseppe Capovilla b, Antonino Romeo c, Guido Rubboli d, Paolo Tinuper e and Ettore Beghi f. (2011). Epilepsy & Behavior 22 285–292 E-mail address: [email protected] (E. Beghi). doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2011.06.019

Osakwe, C., Otte, W. M. & Alo, C. (2014). Epilepsy prevalence, potential causes and social beliefs in Ebonyi State and Benue State, Nigeria. Epilepsy Res., 108, 316-326

Osuntokun, B. O, Schoenberg, B. S. & Nottidge, V. A. (1982). Research protocol for measuring the prevalence of neurologic disorders in developing countries. Results of a pilot study in Nigeria. Neuroepidemiology, 1, 143-153.

Owolabi LF, Owolabi SD, Taura AA, Alhaji ID, and Ogunniyi A. (2019). Prevalence and burden of epilepsy: Asystematic review and Meta-analysis of community-based door-to-door surveys. Epilepsy Behavior, 92,226-234

Politsky JM. (2017). Brain tumor-related epilepsy: a current review of the etiologic basis and diagnostic and treatment approaches. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 17, 70.

Roy Baskind, Gretchen L, & Birbeck. (2005). Epilepsy-associated stigma in sub-Saharan Africa: The social landscape of a disease, Epilepsy & Behavior, Vol 7. Issue 1, Pages 68-73, ISSN 1525-5050,

Sakubita CC. (Last accessed on March 02, 2015). Knowledge, attitudes and practices about epilepsy among parents of children living with epilepsy. Available form handle/123456789/2061.

Savarese G, Carpinelli L, & D’Elia, D. (2015). Teachers of Various school grades and representations of epilepsy: problems, relational aspects and perspectives of life quality. Ital J Pediatr 41, 70.

Schachter SC. (Accessed June 4, 2021). Comorbidities and complications of epilepsy in adults.

Sell-Salazar F. (2009). Psychosocial aspects of childhood epilepsy. Medicina. 69:3-7.

Siqueira NF, Oliveira FL, Siqueira JA, & Souza EA. (2015). In adolescents with epilepsy, high scores of anxiety and depression are associated with occurrence of seizures in public places. Arq. Neuro-psiquiatr. 73:205–11.

Thacker AK, Verma AM, Ji R, Thacker P, & Mishra P. (2008). Knowledge Awareness and Attitude about epilepsy among school teachers in India. Seizure 17:684-90

Thurman DJ, Beghi E, Begley C.E, Berg AT, Buchhalter JR & Ding D. (2011). Standards for epidemiologic studies and surveillance of epilepsy. Epilepsia 52 Suppl 7:2-26.


Tsuji Sadatoshi. (2004). Social aspects of epilepsy: marriage, pregnancy, driving, antiepileptic drug withdrawal and against social stigma. 44(11):865-867 PMID: 15651316

Vezzani A, Fujinami RS, White HS, Preux PM, Blumcke I, Sander JW & Loscher W. (2016) . Infections, inflammation and epilepsy. Acta Neuropathol 131, 211– 234.

World Health Organization. (2018). Epilepsy Fact Sheet. Available from:

World Health Organization. (2019). Epilepsy: a public health imperative. Summary. Geneva.(WHO/MSD/MER/19.2)

Yang HJ, Feng YY, Zhu ZQ, Qiao ZH, Xiao B, Feng L. Evaluation of anxiety, depression and sleep quality among parents of children with epilepsy in Southern China. Epilepsy Behav. (2020) 112:107340. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2020.107340.

Zsuzsanna Mirnics, Gyorgyi Czikora, Tibor Zavecz and Peter Halesz Changes in Public Attitudes Toward Epilepsy in Hungary (2008) National Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology H-1021 Budapest.




How to Cite

John, P. N., Adebanke , O.-J. T. ., Yaya, A. K. ., Balogun JP, F. A. ., Ridwan. A, O. ., & Oluwasegun, A. A. . (2023). Knowledge and Attitudes towards Epilepsy among Parents in Osogbo Lga Osun State, Nigeria. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH SYSTEMS AND MEDICAL SCIENCES, 2(11), 228–248.




Most read articles by the same author(s)