Outcome of Concomitant Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery with Valve Replacement and the Role of Echocardiography for Assessment Overall Survival of Patients

Authors

  • Dr. Firas Yahya ibrahim Iraqi Ministry of Health, Kirkuk Health Department, Kirkuk Teaching Hospital, Kirkuk, Iraq
  • Dr. Marwah Abduladheem Mansor Iraqi Ministry of Health, Kirkuk Health Department, Kirkuk Teaching Hospital, Kirkuk, Iraq
  • Dr. Sudad Razoqqi Flayyih Iraqi Ministry of Health, Medical City Complex, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Dr. Ali Qais Abdulkafi Iraqi Ministry of Health, Kirkuk Health Department, Kirkuk Teaching Hospital, Kirkuk, Iraq
  • Abbas Abdul Wahhab Jumaah Al-Salih Department of Applied Embryology, High Institute for Infertility Diagnosis and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Nahrain University, Kadhimiya, Baghdad, Iraq

Keywords:

Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), Valve displacement surgery, complication

Abstract

Background Coronary artery disease (CAD) and significant aortic valve stenosis are common co-morbidities.
Objective: This study was conducted assessment outcomes for patients who underwent to concomitant coronary artery bypass surgery and valve replacement. Patients and methods Our paper was conducted a cross-sectional study to analyse the clinical and demographic results for patients from Iraq who underwent CABG with valve replacement. The study focused on clinical demographic characteristics to identify the surgical outcomes of (CABG)
for 86 cases, both male and female, aged between 50 and 70. Clinical data was collected from different hospitals in Iraq between 8th July 2022 and 15th October 2023. The data was analysed using the SPSS program. Results and Discussion Our paper was conducted a study to analyse the clinical and demographic results for patients who underwent CABG. It was found that the rate of men was 66.3%, whereas for women it was 33.7%. It was observed that patients with Single-vessel disease had a rate of 50%, while patients with Three-vessel disease had a rate of 25.6%. It was identified that CPB operative time was (105 ± 35), ACC time was (63 ± 27), and systolic pulmonary artery pressure was (50 ± 18). To further our findings, our study revealed a postoperative complication rate of 23 cases (26.8%). The most prevalent factors affecting patients after surgery were Sternal wound infection (8 cases, 9.3%) and bleeding (6 cases, 7%). The study outlines a decrease in patient survival rates over time following
surgery. The data reveals the survival rate of patients in the first 20 months to be 80%, dropping to approximately 44% after 120 months. Conclusion The study demonstrated the efficacy of the CABG procedure in reducing patients’ complications by 26.8%. However, the study did observe a decrease in the survival rate over time.

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Published

2024-02-07

How to Cite

ibrahim, D. F. Y. ., Mansor, D. M. A. ., Flayyih, D. S. R. ., Abdulkafi, D. A. Q., & Al-Salih, A. A. W. J. . (2024). Outcome of Concomitant Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery with Valve Replacement and the Role of Echocardiography for Assessment Overall Survival of Patients. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH SYSTEMS AND MEDICAL SCIENCES, 3(2), 11–20. Retrieved from https://inter-publishing.com/index.php/IJHSMS/article/view/3436

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