Functional Consequences of Aneurysms in Iraqi Patients and Describe The Prognostic Value to Patients for Risk Factor Analysis
Background: An intracranial aneurysm is an abnormal inflammation of the blood vessels in the brain. We evaluated the functional consequences of aneurysms in Iraqi patients and to describe the prognostic value for patients in the risk factor analysis.
Methods: We conducted a specialised cross-sectional study to assess outcomes of Iraqi patients associated with aneurysms and analyse the effect of risk factors on patients in the long term. Our study collected data from different hospitals in Iraq between 15th July 2022 and 9th March 2023. The data enrolled clinical and demographic outcomes related to 108 cases in patients aged between 25 and 60 years. The dataset was partitioned into two categories. The first category comprised 68 people who were a part of the unruptured group. The second category comprised 40 people who belonged to the ruptured group. The secondary outcomes were devised and analysed with the assistance of the SPSS program, version 25.
Results: Our study found that the majority of elderly patients suffered from aneurysms, with a rate of 70%. Clinical outcomes indicate that females had the highest percentage of cases, with 64.8%, while males comprised 35.2%. Additionally, pre-operative comorbidities outcomes revealed that 54.6% of patients had hypertension, and 26.9% had diabetes mellitus. The study also examined aneurysm locations, with Posterior Communicating Artery cases accounting for 27.8% and Superior Cerebellar Artery cases comprising 16%. In 7% of cases, the posterior cerebral artery is affected, while in 13.9% of cases, other vessels are involved. Quality of life was evaluated, revealing improved outcomes over time for patients in the unruptured group with a rate of progression from 100% to 50%. In contrast, patients in the ruptured group showed a decline in the rate of survival, with a decrease of 33% in the last year.
Conclusion: Endovascular coiling surgery is considered the optimal surgical procedure for patients with ruptured and unruptured aneurysms.
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