Analysis of Wastewater Treatment Plant Dimensions and Phosphate Content in the Euphrates River: A Chemical and Biological Study


  • Murooj Abbas Buhlool Al-Ghizzi University of Thi Qar, Iraq
  • Ibtehal Abdulmonem Al-Naqdi Ministry of Education/ Directorate of School Buildings


Phosphate Content, Euphrates River, Sewage discharge station, Biological indicator, Engineering methods


In this study was performed to ascertain the effect of wastewater discharge on the level of phosphate in the water of station on the Euphrates river and the engineering design of the wastewater treatment plants to reduce the level of phosphate. Samples were collected near the station during the winter and spring seasons in 2024. Our study involves three aspects, the first aspect detects phosphate concentration. The second aspect concerned with measuring some engineering aspects of wastewater treatment plant, while the third aspect is measuring the biological properties, which is the excessive growth of the algae Chlorella vulgaris. The results of phosphate were compared with the Iraqi limits and the World Health Organization, and it was found that the concentration of phosphate (0.32 mg/1) exceeded the permissible limitaonly in spring 2024, within Iraqi specifications. The algae growth was thriving ( 0.9)and there was a record deviation from control (50%) indicating the inefficiency of treatment in Spring .


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How to Cite

Al-Ghizzi, M. A. B., & Al-Naqdi, I. A. (2024). Analysis of Wastewater Treatment Plant Dimensions and Phosphate Content in the Euphrates River: A Chemical and Biological Study. International Journal of Biological Engineering and Agriculture, 3(3), 219–225. Retrieved from