Phytochemical Investigation for Some Species of Galium L. (Rubiaceae) by Utilizing Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MAS) in Iraq


  • Rabieuh Salman Hamid Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Science, University of Kerbala, Kerbala, Iraq
  • Balqees Hadi Al-Musawi Department of Science in Biology, College of Science, University of Kerbala, Kerbala, Iraq
  • Neepal Imtair Al-Garaawi Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Science, University of Kerbala, Kerbala, Iraq


phytochemical, Rubiaceae family, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry


Ten biologically active phytochemical compounds have been recognized in the methanolic extract of the aparine plant—eleven biologically active phytochemical compounds. The phytochemical complex depends about chemical name, exaction mass, MS parts, and the structure of chemical. GC-MS analysis of plant cetassium. Detect the presence of cyclohexasiloxane, dodecamethyl-dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane; Pentasiloxane, Dodecamethyl Dodecamethylpentasiloxane; Neovitadiene2,6,10-trimethyl-14-ethylene-14-pentadecanoic acid, methyl ester palmitic acid, methyl ester hexadecanoic acid (HexA) methyl ester methylene 2,9,12-octadecadienoic acid (Z, Z)-, phytol methyl ester, octadecanoic acid (OctA), methyl ester (MethE), 2,6,10,14,18,22-tetracosahexene, 2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-(CAS) squalene Squalene Suberin S Vitamin E dl-.alpha.-Tocopherol 2H-1-Benzopyran-6-ol,3,4-dihydro-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2-  (4,8,12)-trimethyltridecyl;  1,3-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzene;  Stigmasterol, 22,23dihydro-while GC-MS analysis of plant apart was performed. Detect the presence of Pentasiloxane, dodecamethyl- Dodecamethylpentasiloxane;  HexA, methyl ester (CAS) Methyl palmitate Methyl hexadecanoate Methyl N-hexadecanoate;  9,12-octadecadienoic acid, MethE; 9,12,15-Octadecatatrienoic Acid, Methyl Ester (CAS) Methyl 9,12,15-Octadecatatrienoate; 2,6,10,14,18,22-tetracosahexane, 2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyl-(CAS) squalene squalene suberin S;  Gibberellin A3 Gibb-3-ene-1,10-dicarboxylic acid, 2,4a,7-trihydroxy-1-methyl-8-methylene-,1,4a-lactone, (1.alpha, vitamin E, 13-Methyl-Z-14-nonacosine;(23S)-ethylcholest-5-en-3.beta.-ol Cholest-5-en-3-ol, 23-ethyl-, (3.beta.,23S)  - (CAS 1,3-dimethyl-4-azaphenanthrene).


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How to Cite

Hamid, R. S. ., Al-Musawi, B. H., & Al-Garaawi, N. I. (2024). Phytochemical Investigation for Some Species of Galium L. (Rubiaceae) by Utilizing Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MAS) in Iraq. International Journal of Biological Engineering and Agriculture, 3(2), 82–96. Retrieved from