Assessing Kufa University EFL Students’ Awareness of Lexical and Grammatical Collocation in English


  • Hussein Awad Ibrahim University of Kufa, Faculty of languages
  • Siham Mohammed Hasan Alkawwaz University of Kufa, Faculty of languages


lexical collocation, grammatical collocation, performance, difficulty, Kufa University EFL students


This study is an attempt to assess Kufa University EFL students’ awareness of lexical and grammatical collocation in English. It concerns itself with identifying which aspect of collocation is more or less challenging for the students. Thus, this study aims to find out whether there are significant differences between the participants’ performance with respect to both lexical and grammatical collocations in three colleges at the University of Kufa- namely: College of Languages, College of Arts and College of Education.

Therefore, a test comprising 20 multiple-choice items concerning both types of collocation has been administered to a sample of 30 students randomly and equally selected from the three aforementioned colleges (10 participants from each college).

The test results have validated the study hypothesis that Kufa University EFL students’ knowledge of both types of collocation is inadequate and lacking. Notwithstanding, findings of the study have demonstrated that there is a statistically significant difference regarding students’ performance on the test. Students performed well better on the lexical collocations test items than on the grammatical ones, which also proves the study's other hypothesis.


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How to Cite

Ibrahim, H. A. ., & Alkawwaz, S. M. H. . (2024). Assessing Kufa University EFL Students’ Awareness of Lexical and Grammatical Collocation in English. International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics, 3(1), 148–157. Retrieved from