Psychoanalytic Study of Literature in the Novel Laskar Pelangi by Andrea Hirata and its Implications for Literature Learning

Authors

  • Morein Gabriela Manado State University
  • Donal M. Ratu Manado State University
  • Sherly F. Lensun Manado State University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51699/ijise.v3i1.3331

Keywords:

Psychoanalysis, Literature, Novel, Implications, Learning

Abstract

The problems in this research are (1) What are the structural elements that build the novel Laskar Pelangi by Andrea Hirata? (2) What is the character of the main character in the novel Laskar Pelangi by Andrea Hirata? (3) What are the implications of the learning model for the novel Laskar Pelangi by Andrea Hirata in learning literary appreciation in class VIII junior high school? The method used in this research is a qualitative descriptive research method. The research results are as follows: 1. The structure of the novel Laskar Pelangi is (a) Theme; This novel has a theme about education. (b) Characterization; The main characters in this novel are Ikal (aku), Lintang and Mahar (c) Setting; Muhammadiah School, Building, PN School, (d) Point of View; My point of view as the main character. (e) Mandate; gratitude in life, teachings 2. Viewed from a literary psychology perspective, the characters in the novel Laskar Pelangi use a deepening of Sigmund Freud's theory, regarding the elements of personality (id, ego, and superego), it can be understood the character formation of each character: (a) Curls ; Ikal's character in his soul, id can be defeated with super ego. The 'I' character doesn't just want to beat Lintang's character in terms of intelligence, if Ikal's id is very strong, maybe he will hate or even not want to be friends with his deskmate anymore because feel defeated, but the super ego defeats the id. (b) Latitude; Ego is a psychological aspect of personality that arises from the individual's need to relate well to the real world. Lintang has an id, namely extraordinary intelligence that he was born with coupled with his passionate ego. His enthusiasm for learning was to uplift his very poor family. makes him very enthusiastic about learning. However, the super ego itself makes Lintang no longer carry on his id and ego. 3. Implications of the Cultural and Educational values contained in the Novel Laskar Pelangi which need to be emulated and taught in literature learning at school, namely: Religious Values, Social Values, Moral or Ethical Values and Aesthetic Values

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Published

2024-01-16

How to Cite

Morein Gabriela, Donal M. Ratu, & Sherly F. Lensun. (2024). Psychoanalytic Study of Literature in the Novel Laskar Pelangi by Andrea Hirata and its Implications for Literature Learning. International Journal of Inclusive and Sustainable Education, 3(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.51699/ijise.v3i1.3331