The Extent of the Effect of Disclosing Research and Development Activities on Earnings Management

Authors

  • Alaa Abbood Kadhim Northern Technical University - Technical Institute Al-Dour
  • Nuha Safi Abd Northern Technical University - Technical Institute Al-Dour

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51699/ijbde.v3i1.3336

Keywords:

Voluntary Disclosure, Research and Development Activities, Earnings Management

Abstract

The research aims to identify voluntary disclosure of research and development (R&D) activities and the extent of its effect on earnings management. To achieve this goal, quantitative methods were used. In collecting data, the researchers depend on the financial statements published on the Iraqi Securities Commission website for a sample of companies, amounting to (4) samples, for the period (2013-2022). Voluntary disclosure of research and development activities was measured by research and development costs divided by sales. Earnings management is measured by Miller's model. The most important results reached are that there is a very low level of disclosure of research and development activities in companies (research sample). It is also noted that there is a large discrepancy in the levels of disclosure between companies and across the years (research sample), meaning that there are high levels in some observations, while there are low levels in other observations within a wide gap between the two levels. Also, it is noted that there are very high levels of earnings management according to Miller's model in companies (the research sample), and this level of earnings management varies from one company to another and from one observation to another, with great variation between those observations. It was also found that there is a positive relationship between the disclosure of research and development activities and earnings management, meaning that an increase in the level of disclosure of research and development activities will be accompanied by an increase in the level of earnings management practices in companies (research sample).

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Published

2024-01-17

How to Cite

Alaa Abbood Kadhim, & Nuha Safi Abd. (2024). The Extent of the Effect of Disclosing Research and Development Activities on Earnings Management. International Journal of Business Diplomacy and Economy, 3(1), 79–92. https://doi.org/10.51699/ijbde.v3i1.3336